An Introduction To The Swiss National Bank

Currency is generally a normally accepted form of payment, normally issued by an issuing government and exchanged within its territory. The value of a currency varies constantly, in relation to many other currencies. The foreign exchange market exists as an enormous way of benefiting from these fluctuations. This market technically exists for the purpose of allowing currency investors to obtain the largest return on their currency investments. It is also meant to provide the largest possible number of buyers and sellers for both currencies, facilitating transactions that translate into profitable returns.


In the business world, currency trading is the buying and selling of the convertible currency pairs, such as the U.S. dollar/Great Britain pound or the U.S. dollar/Japanese yen. In the virtual currency exchange, currency traders make and receive payments in virtual currency and transact in other currency pairs that are not convertible. It also allows for the transfer of funds to another account without the expense of exchanging actual physical money.

Because the foreign exchange market traders buy and sell a wide variety of currency, it has a huge effect on the value of the United States dollar. Generally, the more volatile a currency is, the more its exchange rate fluctuates. A strong dollar typically means that there is higher foreign exchange rate opportunities. A weak dollar indicates that there are fewer such opportunities, which can mean lower foreign exchange rate movements.

There are two ways that currency exchanges help to boost the value of the dollar. First, they allow traders to purchase large amounts of one currency and thereby create more demand for that currency. This results in a rise in the price of that currency relative to other currencies. The second way that currency exchanges help to boost the value of the U.S. dollar is that the purchasing power of the dollar drops when the quantity of that currency purchases falls while the quantity of currency that is being sold increases.

The most popular and commonly used currency pairs in the Swiss Franc and the Euro are Swiss franc and euro. These are the most widely traded currency pairs in the world because most Swiss citizens are native German speakers. On the other hand, the most widely traded currency pairs are the U.S. dollar and the Japanese yen, which are the most commonly used as well. Most of the time, traders do not make large movements in these pairs because they are not considered legal tender.

In addition to helping to boost the values of the currencies traded on the foreign exchange market, the Swiss National Bank offers monetary incentives to its citizens. This incentive program, otherwise called the Affero Visa, allows eligible foreign investors to obtain non-immigrant status by investing at least 100 Swiss francs in a designated Swiss bank account. This incentive program has been very beneficial to Swiss citizens who are interested in living in the country. Immigrants to Switzerland also benefit from this monetary incentive when they buy property or buy commercial plots in the country.